Intelligent Power Modules

High power density and high switching frequencies impose stringent requirements on packaging technologies. By appropriate approaches such as 3D packaging, parasitic effects that are caused by packages, substrates and layouts, can be systematically influenced and reduced. Due to compact hot spots, heat spreading and heat dissipation are more important than ever.

Open student theses

Increasing switching frequencies are placing ever greater demands on signal generation and processing for power electronics applications. Higher switching frequencies allow the use of smaller passive components, but require faster control systems. In order to realize such a control system, a control and actuation system is required that can cope with the increased requirements.

In this work, a microcontroller board based on a state-of-the-art 32-bit, 550MHz processor is used. The aim of the work is to be able to control systems with a minimum time constant of 1µs using the implemented control algorithms.

For this purpose, suitable read-in routines for the system variables, the required control algorithms, the output of the manipulated variable, e.g. via pulse width modulation or discrete-time switching state change, as well as communication interfaces with desktop PCs - for example via UART - are to be created and tested.

The developed system is to be tested in an existing test bench for active load change tests. The various control methods are to be applied and compared in this test bench.

Contact: Tobias Fink
(english version on page 2 of the pdf)

pdf

Due to ever increasing power densities, number of devices and the use of wide-bandgap semiconductors, power electronic systems are getting more complex and compact. To still achieve a maximum efficiency, all solutions of the (discrete) solution space must be investigated. The solution space is defined by e.g. suitable semiconductors and passives or the PCB-design.

To map this solution space, the aid of computer-based methods is necessary, which are calculating the optimal point of the so called pareto-front.

Goal of this thesis is to implement a workflow for such a pareto-front optimization with a multi-dimensional simulation for a compact DC/DC-converter and, if applicable, to construct and characterize this converter.

Time plan

  • Literature research (10%)
  • Implementation multi-domain optimization (50%)
  • Setup and characterization of the converter (25%)
  • Written thesis & talk (20%)

Preliminary experience

  • Experience in 3D-FEM helpful
  • Knowledge in power electronics
  • Good knowledge of MATLAB or similar

 

Contact: Dominik Koch

PDF

In high-frequent switching converter passive components (inductances, capacitances and transformers) are playing a major role, since their losses are often higher than the ones from the active components. Especially the estimation of these losses is difficult, since there is no efficient method to characterize the losses at high frequencies. Also the modelling of core materials at high frequencies and a wide power area is complex.

Because of these reasons in this work a design-flow should be developed, which allows to simulate and model inductances and transformers. In a first step different physical models (e.g. litz-wire) should be connected with magnetostatic and full-wave simulations. Afterwards a conventional transformer should be simulated and with the gained experience a planar transformer should be designed and optimized. If necessary some measurements with a NWA will support the simulations.

Timetable:

  • Familiarization & literature search(10 %)
  • Simulation and modelling of a transformer (25 %)
  • Design and simulation of a planar transformer (25 %)
  • Measurement of transformer (optional 20 %)
  • Written thesis & presentation (20 %)

Previous knowledge:

  • 3D-FEM simulation in CST
  • Knowledge of magnetic components and their loss mechanisms
  • Practical experience

 

Contact: Dominik Koch

PDF

Contact

This image shows Dominik Koch

Dominik Koch

M.Sc.

Group Leader Power Electronics / Research Assistant

This image shows Benjamin Schoch

Benjamin Schoch

M.Sc.

Research Assistant

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