Offene studentische Arbeiten
System-Level Characterization and Integration of E-Band Wireless Communication Systems (EIVE and EIVE-T projects)
Multiple topics available in the satellite project (EIVE) and outdoor, terrestrial transmission to validate the atmospheric effects and characterize the RF E-Band link and modules (EIVE-T project).
Working language: German and/or English.
The options are very diverse, e.g.
- Circuit design (design and layout the prototype PCBs)
- DC supply with voltage and current monitoring
- Adaptive analog lowpass filter design
- System analysis
- data processing to analyze the transmission quality, losses and impairment effects
- influence of the elevation angle on the different transmission parameters, for different modulations and polarizations
- investigation of cross-polarization and antenna mutual coupling effects
- Automation by means of integrated microcontrollers
- automatic antenna alignment and reconfiguration for improved signal transmission
- control the transmission
- adapt to the ambient effects (internal temperature of the antenna housing) as well as the atmospheric effects
- monitor sensors (temperature, pressure, humidity)
- design of a rudimentary interface for digital control
- collect, process and visualize the data
- quantify the transmission effects and results.
- FPGA Testing, Verification and implementation of RadHard design.
For details, questions and interests please send an "initiative application" email to the project responsible/ contact person, specifying your interests, experience and expectations.
Please refer to the PDF for more details as well as to the above mentioned projects websites.
For a existing wideband Phase Locked Loop (PLL) as part of a carrier recovery, an external, controllable loop filter (LF) must be designed.
It´s application will be in a satellite-groundstation of the EIVE Project, in which it locks on the carrier of an E-band (ca. 75GHz) QPSK-modulated, wideband data
signal. The application only allows fast analog loop filter in the direct path, because
of very small time delay necessary. For accurate tracking of e.g. doppler shift of the moving satellite, temperature shifts etc. an additional, overlaying digitally implemented filter must be developed.
- Development of a controllable LF as a mixed signal system (fast analog signal
throughput via OP-Amp, digital implementation (e.g. µ-Controller/
controllable OP-Amp etc.) of slower tracking capability (integration).
- Evaluation of correlation between filter parameters and locking behavior (lock
range, pull in range, stability etc.) of the PLL / carrier recovery.
- Verification of the latter with a functioning prototype of the analog PLL
and the LF.
- Evaluation of required specs for a LF
- Design and simulation of a mixed signal LF
- Design and layout of a prototype PCB
- Design of a rudimentary interface for digital control
- Design of a testbench and debugging of interface
Please refer to the PDF for more details.
Nichtidealitäten elektronischer Schaltungs-komponenten analoger Tx- / Rx-Frontends limitieren signifikant die maximale Übertragungskapazität. Um applikationsspezifisch bereits beim Systementwurf die passenden Schaltungstopologien und Link-Architekturen wählen zu können, ist ein detailliertes Verständnis der Zusammenhänge zwischen Komponenten- und Systemperformance erforderlich.
- Verknüpfung einzelner Nichtidealitäten auf Komponentenebene mit der Leistungsfähigkeit des Gesamtsystems
- Sensitivitätsanalyse verschiedener Link-Architekturen / Schaltungstopologien
- Evaluierung vorhandener Entwürfe
- Entwicklung neuer Konzepte
- Circuit-level Simulationen mit ADS
- 3D Feld-Simulationen mit CST/Momentum
- MMIC Layout mit Cadence
Future back-haul links operating at THz frequencies will be used in wireless communication technologies like 6G and beyond. The required ultra-high data rates in the range of 100 Gbits-1 and beyond are enabled by the H-band (220 – 330 GHz) where large bandwidths are available. One major challenge in wireless THz communication is the increasing free-space path loss (FSPL) as opposed to the achievable maximum output power considering transmit and receive front-ends using solid-state amplifiers. The limited gain of only a couple dBs for patch antennas on chip level as well as 15 to 25 dB for horn antennas on waveguide level prevent large transmission distances for THz wireless communications systems. To improve the directivity of the system larger antennas, for example, Cassegrain antennas with huge reflector diameters, are used to achieve antenna gain in the range of 55 dBi. Major drawbacks are the physical dimensions, heavyweight as well as elaborate handling. A more convenient way with slightly reduced antenna gain is to use collimating lenses instead. The fabrication of such lenses is possible using various materials, e.g. silicon or polymers, in conjunction with fabrication methods like milling or 3D-printing.
Design, fabrication and test of a collimating lens suitable for lab-based and outdoor experiments with wireless THz links using waveguide horn antennas and / or on-chip antennas.
- Literature research and evaluation of existing approaches
- Design and simulation of a polymer-based collimating lens
- Fabrication of the developed lens using 3D-print technology
- Test and characterization of the fabricated lens
The stability of terahertz analog circuits is highly dependent on the quality of the DC supply. MMICs usually require several different DC levels for operation, which must maintain certain ramp-up and ramp-down sequences to avoid damaging the analog circuits. Further, to generate measurements over different operating points, DC voltages must be swept. Measurement automation ensures repeatability and high quality of performed measurements.
For the lab power supply of analog integrated circuits Keysight and National Instrument SMUs are used. An interface should be developed to connect the SMUs within an existing environment for measurement automation in MATLAB.
- Programming and debugging of a custom software interface / driver library in MATLAB
- Provision of ramp-up and ramp-down sequences
- Documentation and creation of user manual
Form, scope and reimbursement of the student assistant position will be arranged in consultation with the supervisors.
Please refer to PDF for more information.
In communication sytems digital predistortion can be used to
enhance the signal quality, while the power amplifier is driven
in saturation. The goal is to research on digital predistortion
algorithms for state of the art THz-Tranceivers
• Setup and Implementation of FPGA-based
• Correlation of sent data and received data in digital
domain. Implementation of real-time control loop for
• Real time analysis of channel performance with digital
• Implementation of Real-Time Predistortion Algorithms
without use of external computation („in-loop“)
• In-loop Predistortion using different DUTs. Experiments
also in E-Band (60GHz – 90GHz) and H-Band (220GHz-
• Comparison of In-loop Predistortion using different nonlinear
models with different memory effects.
• Comparison of In-loop Predistortion using different
To achieve more output-power in RF-high power amplifiers
they are often driven in saturation. To be able to filter out
unwanted signal distortions, a high quality measurement
over a large bandwidth has to be conducted to enhance the
signal quality. For this application frequency-based
predistortion algorithms should be investigated.
• Research of System concepts for real-time aquisition of
spectrum of distorted signals
• Research on digital predistortion algorithms working in
the freqency domain
• Development of Aquistion/Spectrum Analyzer with off
the shelf components
• Testing of the implemented HW
• Efficient real-time measurement of power spectrum with
bandwidth of 10GHz
• Quantification of analyzer precision using simulation
• Evaluation of possible predistortion algorithms using
the proposed spectrum analyzation
Design and Evaluation of a Reduced-Bandwidth Sampling System for Predistorting Broadband Communication Links
Signal linearity in communication systems RF front-ends is strongly influenced by Power Amplifiers. To compensate, PAs have to be limited in their output power (backed-off), to avoid operation in nonlinear amplification regions. This results in a reduction of output power thus the PA’s efficiency degrades. Today’s most promising linearization method is digital predistortion (DPD). A DPD system requires ADCs for sampling both the PA’s input and output signal. ADC sampling bandwidth can be a limiting factor in processing broadband signals because ADC sampling bandwidth typically scales with ADC cost.
Redesign of a developed observation receiver (OR) for sampling a 2.5 GHz signal bandwidth based on COTS components. The OR claims to mitigate the trade-off between broadband and low-cost. The sampling of broadband input signals is achieved by downconverting the signal into multiple narrowband (reduced-bandwidth) frequency windows that are sampled individually by low-cost ADCs. This allows for broadband DP without expensive ADCs.
- Evaluate existing concepts using system simulation
- Redesign of the DPD PCB
- Demonstrating the concept in simulation and measurements
- Apply DPD algorithms and test the performance on i.e. E-band amplifiers
Signal linearity in communication systems is strongly influenced by Power amplifiers (PA). Nonlinearities in the PA decrease the signal quality and leads to unwanted spectral regrowth. This behavior can be addressed by linearization techniques such as predistorting the signal in the digital domain (DPD).
In order to implement a realtime DPD for future broadband communications like backhaul or satellite communication, the signal has to be sampled with a high precision over a large bandwidth.
For this scenario, a low-cost observation receiver, based on a spectrum analyzation technique should be implemented and reviewed.
The goal is to develop a low-cost spectrum analysis in E-band with existing hardware. Observation of a signal with a minimum bandwidth of 2.5 GHz should be demonstrated.
A theoretical analysis of how to use the concept in future applications is required.
The thesis includes the redesign or reuse of an already developed observation receiver (OR) with commercial of the shelf components and low-cost ADCs.
- Experiments on low-cost Spectrum analysis in E-band (60 … 90 GHz)
- Demonstrating the concept in simulation and measurements
- Summarize and quantize the requirements for an OR based on spectrum analyzation